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IEEE R10 Humanitarian Technology Conference 2020

DECEMBER 1 - 3, 2020 | KUCHING, SARAWAK, MALAYSIA

8TH IEEE R10 HUMANITARIAN TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE 2020

DIGITAL ECOSYSTEM FOR HUMANITY

List of

Humanitarian TECHNOLOGY Projects

COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT: PROMOTING SAFE AND SUSTAINABLE FOOD PRODUCTION


COLLABORATORS:

  • IEEE R10 HTC 2020,
  • IEEE Sarawak Subsection,
  • IEEE Swinburne Student Branch, and
  • Swinburne Sarawak

PROJECT LAUNCHED : 2020

PROJECT OVERVIEW:
Food security in a community exists when all people at all times have both physical and economic access to sufficient food to meet their dietary needs for productive and healthy lives. The pandemic caused by the new coronavirus COVID-19 threatened food shortages due to supply chain disruption and labour shortages. Many households are vulnerable to the impact of a severe pandemic due to the impacts on the economic and social systems.

This Humanitarian Engineering project aims to aims to boost the local communities’ resilience of food supplies (i.e., enhance food security) through encouraging the establishment of family/kitchen gardens with the use of organic fertilizer, compost. As our population increases and farmland disappears to commercial and residential development, it is becoming increasingly important to produce food, clothing, forest and floral products on less land for more people. Fertilizer plays a crucial role in improving agriculture efficiency, in particular organic fertilizer to promote food production in an ecologically sound way.

One of the basic steps to fertility building is using the organic materials and ‘waste’ as raw materials for making quality natural fertilizer. These materials can include the plants remains, crop residues and livestock waste (manure and bio slurry) and so forth, which will tactfully be incorporated to decompose and give nutrients-rich compost to be used in the family gardens.

An IEEE R10 grant is helping to equip and motivate local community with the ability to build their own composter, then carry out composting process at home to make own natural fertilizer.

ENHANCING HUMANITARIAN ENGINEERING WITHIN THE VULNERABLE COMMUNITIES


AIM:

Building a Climate-Resilient Community: Clean Water, Hygiene and COVID 19

TARGET GROUP :
Rural Communities/Orphanage

COLLABORATORS:

  • IEEE R10 HTC 2020,
  • IEEE Sarawak Subsection,
  • IEEE Swinburne Student Branch, and
  • Swinburne Sarawak

PROJECT OBJECTIVES :

  1. To spread the awareness of Climate Change, Clean Water, Hygiene and Pandemic COVID-19 with the Communities (i.e. rural communities and school children)
  2. Bringing basic hygiene knowledge during the pandemic alongside with access to clean water
  3. Pack of Hope to the rural school children

PROJECT OVERVIEW:
The aims of the Humanitarian Engineering project is twofold, to spread the awareness of Climate Change, Clean Water, Hygiene and Pandemic COVID-19 to the vulnerable communities (i.e. rural communities and school children) and to encourage our engineering students to contribute to the building of a more sustainable, stable, and equitable world, to promote creativity and problem-solving skills to engineer inexpensive solutions for real-world challenges.

The project will involve student volunteers coming from different engineering background. The project involves activities such as knowledge sharing workshop to the community on the important of hygiene especially during the pandemic. In addition we will also be sharing the important of clean portable water. Having clean water and sanitation means being able to avoid exposure to countless diseases, thus our project will also conduct workshops to share with the community on the important of clean water and ways to build homemade water filter.

In addition, volunteers will also gather at the proposed venue to do communal work such cleaning up the place, gardening and etc. Disposal nitrile gloves, extra masks and mini bottled hand sanitizer will be given to everyone to clean and disinfect. This communal work is required to be done according the stated SOP which is to wear face masks and bottled mini hand sanitizers.

TACKLING CHALLENGES TO WATER-ENERGY-FOOD SECURITY (WEF) NEXUS


AIM:

To Introduce and start a student discourse on the challenges and potential solutions on the WEF Nexus.

TARGET GROUP :
Secondary school students aged 14-19 year-old

LOCATION :
Sarawak (Kuching, Miri and Sibu), Malaysia

COLLABORATORS:

  • IEEE R10 HTC 2020,
  • IEEE (US) HTA
  • IEEE Sarawak Subsection, and
  • Swinburne Sarawak

PROJECT OBJECTIVES :

  1. To spread the awareness on the challenges faced in operationalizing the WEF Nexus
  2. To introduce the use of technological solutions and innovations to address the WEF Nexus challenges
  3. To introduce the idea of human-centered design in technological solutions

PROJECT OVERVIEW:
The Water-Energy-Food (WEF) nexus is a framework used to show the inter-connection between these three resource sectors. According to the Population Division of the United Nationals Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the global population is expected to reach 9.7 billion in 2050 and could peak at 11 billion by the end of the 21st century. As the global population continue to increase, issues such as food scarcity, availability of freshwater and energy shortage would become more prominent global challenges.

We have decided to undertake this humanitarian project to raise the awareness level for the WEF nexus among Malaysian students. As Malaysia is a country that is endowed with stable governance and rich natural resources and biodiversity, Malaysian students rarely venture to contemplate on the potential issue of resource scarcity in the future. Therefore, we believe that educating Malaysian students on the WEF nexus is an important step to starting a student discourse on the challenges and potential solutions on the WEF Nexus in the coming years.

In this project, students would be exposed to the WEF nexus and its challenges in four sequential modules. First, students would use embedded systems, electronics and their coding knowledge to build a prototype to solve one challenge in the WEF nexus. Next, they would go through the Design Thinking process to validate the usefulness of their prototype. Finally, they would create a short video to explain their work and how their prototype tackles a challenge in the WEF nexus.

We hope that students would be able to walk away from this project with a richer understanding of their role in tacking the challenges in the WEF nexus as part of their global citizenship.

 

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